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Key Steps to Follow When Cleaning your Handgun

Cleaning your Handgun

If you own any gun, the rule of thumb is to clean it regularly. It is the one thing that you can neither negotiate nor understate since it directly impacts your weapon’s service life and reliability. With that in mind, this post aims to instruct you on simple procedures that you should follow. It also helps you understand the building blocks of the handgun. This knowledge will be handy when replacing or repairing weary parts.


  1. Two cotton cloths
  2. Solvent (preferably copper solvent)
  3. Clean oil
  4. Sharp metallic pick
  5. Brush with plastic bristles.
  6. The dirty handgun


Key Steps to Follow When Cleaning your HandgunUnload the handgun

To avoid possible risks, always begin the process by freeing the magazine and emptying the bullets from the chamber. Be sure to keep the muzzle facing away from you. Then confirm by sticking one finger inside to remove any cartridges that may remain.

Dismantle the handgun’s body

This step might vary slightly from one model to the other though the process is almost similar. Anyway, begin by de-cocking the striker and pulling the trigger towards the rear side to free the slide. Then pull the takedown tabs and place them on the cleaning board.

Separate the parts to clean from the rest

A typical handgun has four main components that must be serviced. These are:

  • Frame – This is the region where your hand rests. Usually, it has tiny ridges that give it a rough feel.
  • Barrel – This is the tube where the bullet travels after taking a shot.
  • Slide – This houses the firing pin and the gun powder and also seals the explosion chamber.
  • Recoil Spring – This part is embedded with the guide rod whose job is to guide the slide as you fire. Then the recoil spring pulls it back to its original place after each round.

Actual cleaning

  • Soak one cotton cloth in the copper solvent for about 30 seconds. You can sprinkle some on the parts with too much carbon buildup especially around the chamber and the ejector.
  • Gently wipe every component applying some pressure on stubborn areas. Alternatively, you can further soften the dirt by sparging more solvent and scrubbing it off with a brush. As aforementioned, the bristles have to be plastic as metallic ones easily damage the coating of the gun.
  • Use the metallic pick to dig chunks of carbon buildup in the chamber where the cloth cannot reach. Use the brush to pick the dirt. Swab it with some oil to ease friction and prevent rusting. Ensure that the bristles do not change direction when inside the barrel since this only pushes dirt further inside.
  • Oil the rest of the components where movement occurs. Lubricating preserves the metallic material of the gun by reducing wear and tear. Find high-quality oils precisely those that can penetrate tight spaces.
  • Use the second cloth to wipe dry the outer surfaces of the gun where oil is not needed. It helps bring out the shiny sparkle.
  • Then reassemble your gun noting the components that require replacement.


Now that you know how to clean your gun, perhaps we should introduce you to a detailed program that covers this and much more in detail. It goes by the name Spec Ops Shooting and is compiled by an experienced army man known as Brian Morris. You can check out our comprehensive review here to know where you can find it.

1 Comment

  1. david bowie says:

    Your web content was very good it has very much to learn i like it

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